After coming back from my first week teaching at Power Monkey Camp, I finally took some time to put an article series together related to some thoughts on gymnastics in CrossFit. I really stand behind Dave Durante’s approach to gymnastics training in CrossFit, both for performance enhancement and injury prevention. You’ll see a lot of references to the Power Monkey content offered by the coaching staff through these posts. I’ve broken this post up into 4 parts. In this article, I wanted to go over a few foundational ideas that I feel are crucial to reducing injury risk and also increasing performance for anyone training gymnastics movements in CrossFit. Then in the new few parts, I’ll offer thoughts more specifically to handstands and swinging mechanics, then offer a post with all my favorite gymnastics/injury prevention drills.

(Photo Credit Barbell Shrugged)

(Photo Credit Barbell Shrugged)

Master Basics, Foundations, and Progressions

If you only take one message away from this article, hopefully it’s this: Gymnastics is a sport built around technical mastery, progression, perfectionism, and literally hundreds of hours in training to develop skills. In my opinion not putting in the time for perfect basics, not revisiting them daily in pursuit of mastery, and skipping steps to get to higher level skills is the biggest root cause of gymnastics skill injury. In parallel to this, I feel the same issue related to skipping steps is also the root cause for performance losses during CrossFit workouts that posses gymnastics skills. If anyone hasn’t read Dave Durante’s latest CrossFit Journal Piece Gymnastics: The Long Journey Worth Taking, your missing out. He discusses a lot of these concepts from his point of view being a former Olympian and someone who is now pursuing teaching the CrossFit community more about gymnastics.

WALL HANDSTAND SHOULDER MOBILITY/STABILITY DRILL: This exercise is a great not only for shoulder mobility, but it also works well for understanding the importance of the shoulders as it pertains to handstand stability. The shoulders are used for gross body stability, while the fingers are used in the fine detail stability adjustments. Working through this range and becoming more competent at both ends will allow you become more secure and balanced with your handstand. This version is a bit of a higher level exercise. As a beginner, you can either start in downward dog and work through the same range. Then building to having feet on a box. Eventually working to a version freestanding 🙂 A couple of things to note: 1)Only work through a range of both ends where you can keep elbows locked out and pelvic tilt in place. If you lose those positions, make the range more compact. 2)Please don't force the positions if it is causing pain. Work only within a range that you are capable of handling with good form. 3)Action should be done slowly and with control. @powermonkeyfitness @cfgymnastics @crossfitsolace @sfh @reebok @goattape #crossfit #crossfitgymnastics #handstands #techniquematters #teampowermonkey #fitness

A video posted by David Durante (@davedurante) on

Technical flaws, missing fundamentals, and movement dysfunction rear their ugly head when it comes to grinding through hard workouts. When more complex gymnastics skills are pursued, especially under conditions of fatigue, the lack of foundational basics will be the rate limiter for gymnastics skill success. In the moment, the brain and nervous system seek out the “path of least resistance” to find a strategy to complete the movement. This provides as a short-term solution, but unfortunately for many athletes becomes a long-term problem in their skill performance. Sloppy gymnastics skills, compensation, and faulty movement patterns becomes the default “go to” method in the nervous system.

These problems then stick around and create a cascade of issues during training. Whether it is performance based due to movement inefficiency causing early fatigue, or pain based due to compensatory patterns causing injury, it’s always problematic and frustrating for the athlete. In the same way that technical flaws become exposed when weight increases during snatching, technical flaws become exposed when the skill complexity increases during gymnastics skills.

HEAD POSITION with @mikecerbus There are different body positions required for the Muscle Up and Snatch but definitely a strong overlap with the highlighted concept. When executing skills, we want to ensure as many constant variables as possible. Finding a focal point and having the head placement consistent will allow for a very constant and controlled variable to build consistency and strength during repetitive drill work and competition. The chin and head have a strong tendency to direct the hips and often, when the head is "thrown" or not maintained as a constant, an athlete's hips result in a fault or over extended position. With the MU throwing the head back is contributing to a prematurely extended hip. So the body is arched (left) when it should be hollow (right). The head position (cervical spine) plays a big part in these shapes. Keep the head straight, wait until the toes are at the highest point to initiate the pull. During the snatch, many of the faults we see stem from something as simple as a focal point and head position. Before attempting to fix all of the extensions and hip problems during your pull, take a step back and look at what variable can be set and controlled. Choose a focal point just above eye level, make sure the chin stays up (I often see lifter with eyes up but chin tucked which we will highlight at a later time) and establish a cue or variable that will likely lead to smoother and more consistent movement in your Snatch. Don't let the aggressive head whip variation performed by some trick you into feeling explosive and aggressive. It might look fancy, but more often then not results in faults. Mike is still recovering from whiplash sustained during the filming of this video. @powermonkeyfitness @shanegeraghty @davedurante @sadieann @jasonleydon @olychad @jodi_cfctx @drmelzar @jessicamarie979 @vanvleetd @andybsox @rupert.egan @rxsmartgear @fitnesspainfree #powermonkeycamp #teampowermonkey #muscleup #snatch #gymnastics #crossfit #oly

A video posted by Colin Geraghty (@colinpgeraghty) on

The point I’m trying to harp on is that missing gymnastics basics, a lack of proper progression, and skipping steps will always catch up with you.  If you are a CrossFit athlete who is serious about gymnastics, do yourself a favor and find a good gymnastics coach who can teach the proper progressions and give you a systematic program for skill development. Then, make sure you are disciplined enough to train them, regularly revisit them, and apply them to workouts. Here is a perfect example of this idea from Power Monkey Coach Colin Geraghty related to some technical and progressional components of ring work.

Some drills for the forward roll on rings. 1. Roll to transition on the ground. Set the rings up so you are seated in the bottom of a dip position. Tuck. Roll back. Pull yourself up from your back using your arms and momentum from the roll. Keep the rings close with a neutral false grip (just like a muscle up) and transition to a pause. This is a low intensity drill to build awareness. 2. Support to forward roll out. Go slow. Start with a spot or a band across the rings. Once you're comfortable with the body rotation, work on rotating your hands to more of a false grip after the rotation. The transition will not need a full false, but the higher the grip on the rings, the better the chance you will have to make the transition. 3. Inverted tuck to high pull up. Full tuck position with feet facing the ceiling, straight arms. Slowly pull your shoulders to the rings like a pull up and then back to the tuck. This can be done on the bar as well. This is where you'll end up after the roll out. Start slow and use it as strength exercise at first before adding momentum. Pull as high as you can each rep. 4. Once you're comfortable with the roll out and slow inverted tuck to pull up, start to speed it up. Don't worry about the transition to the dip yet. Learn how to use the momentum in the tucked position with the high pull to the rings. Feet go down, chest comes up as you pull. 5. Forward roll turnover drill. I got this from @daveduante – he has a great explanation of this drill on his page. Definitely more advanced. Its an extension of the last drill – now we're just adding the transition piece. Just like a muscle up, once you get through the transition you will be in the low dip position. Work on strengthening that position as you work these drills. Don't rush the process. Pick one or two drills that you're comfortable with. Master them before moving on to the next step in the progression. The full forward roll starts and finishes in a locked out support position. If you've mastered these drills, you'll be good to go. [email protected] @powermonkeyfitness @jasonleydon @mikecerbus #forwardroll #rings #crossfit #pmfdrills

A video posted by Colin Geraghty (@colinpgeraghty) on

I can tell you from my experiences as a gymnast and coach in the sport, the ratio of basics/technique development to actually doing complicated skills is easily 4:1 in favor of foundational work. Even with this gymnasts constantly revisit body shaping, skill basics, and event basics (rings, tumbling, swinging, etc) every single day of training. The girls gymnastics team I coach does 15 minutes of general basics daily, 10 minutes of basics on each event as a warm up, and usually have 2-3 side stations during events that are just on technique work. This is to ensure proper movement pattern development, safety during skill work, consistency, and build optimal movement patterns they can build on through years of training. Dave Durante has a great video highlighting some of these ideas related to handstand shaping and movement efficiency that everyone should check out.

Concluding Thoughts

For those looking to really dive into movement screening, basics and fundamentals behind gymnastics, and making sure you are prepared to work gymnastics skills, be sure to check out Monkey Method: Movement Essentials that myself and my good friend Dr. Dan Pope put together.

MM Movement Essentials Cover

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Although it’s more thought and concept related in this first post, I wanted to leave it just at that due to its importance. I feel this concept can have the biggest impact for CrossFit athletes looking to enhance their gymnastics skills and stay injury free in gymnastics skill training.  I know it is tedious and frustrating, but that is what makes gymnastics so demanding.The rest of my posts are built off of these underlying concepts. In Part 2, I will talk about how I feel the same movement issue in a handstand can lead to a decrease in gymnastics skill performance, and also shoulder/neck/wrist pain. After this, I’ll walk through some gymnastics movement issues I tend to see related to injury rehab in CrossFit athletes. Take care,

– Dave Tilley DPT, SCS

P.S. and Background

For anyone who most likely finding my work for the first time my name is Dr. Dave Tilley. I was a competitive gymnast for 18 years, 4 of which were collegiately on the Springfield College Men’s team. I’ve been coaching various levels of gymnastics for 11 years, and still actively coach a women’s team in the North Shore of Boston. I am also a treating Physical Therapist at Champion PT and Performance in Waltham, and run a company/website called SHIFT Movement Science and Gymnastics Education. It is dedicated to spreading education on gymnastics, movement science, rehabilitation, and performance concepts.

I treat a lot of gymnasts, but also a lot of Weightlifters and CrossFit athletes. I got involved with CrossFit in 2013 after finishing my DPT and moving to Boston. I have also gone on to become Board Certified in Sports Physical Thearpy, and have been currently pursing my CSCS. I’ve been fortunate to spend a lot of time working with Dave Picardy, owner of North Shore CrossFit/TreeHouse Athletics in Danvers, MA. Dave has a long history of years in CrossFit and is also a high level weightlifting coach, so I’ve been lucky to learn a lot from him. Dave and his staff run a large facility that hosts CrossFit classes, an olympic lifting team, marital arts, running/rowing clubs, personal training, and team strength programs. Our girls gymnastics team also does formal strength/weightlifting under their coaches during the summer.